Types of Bonds in Brick Masonry

Types of Bonds in Brick Masonry

Types of Bonds in Brick Masonry

In brick masonry wall building, the forms of bonds are sorted based mostly on the bricks bonding fashion and laying of partitions. 


Then, what are the forms of bonds in brick masonry? The next are the commonest forms of bonds in brick masonry are:

  • English Bond
  • Stretcher Bond
  • Header Bond
  • Flemish Bond

These bonds usually use cement mortar and varied varieties like lime mortar and dust mortar. Aside from the 4 bonds talked about above, there are additionally different forms of bonds in brick masonry that we’ll cowl on this article.


English Bond

In brick masonry, English masonry possesses just one stretcher course and one header course above it. Headers are positioned centred on the stretcher’s course beneath, and every alternate row is aligned vertically. 

To chop the vertical joints’ continuity, quoin—rectangular masonry block is used on the corners of the partitions, proper after the header. This is likely one of the strongest bonds however will nonetheless require extra going through bricks in comparison with different bonds.


Stretcher Bond

Because the identify suggests, a stretcher bond is made by horizontally laying bricks as stretchers on the partitions’ faces. It is probably the most generally used bond within the UK, with the joints on every course centred above and beneath with a half brick. 

Stretcher bond is usually used throughout the building of brick walls with half-brick thickness. For instance, if you are going to construct a wall with a 9 cm thickness and the typical measurement of the brick is 9cmx9cmx18cm, then it is ideally suited to make use of the stretcher bond.


A number of the brick partitions building that makes use of this bond are:

  • Chimney stacks
  • Partition partitions
  • Sleeper partitions
  • Division partitions (inside dividers)


For brick partitions building that has an extended span and peak, the stretcher bond is not steady sufficient to face alone. Thus, you may be needing a supporting construction like brick columns at common intervals.

On the whole, this bond is utilized in metal or bolstered concrete framed constructions, like outer going through. Furthermore, these will also be used because the cavity partitions’ outer going through. 


Header Bond

A header bond, also referred to as a heading bond is the shorter sq. face of the brick with a measurement of 9cm x 9cm x 9cm. All of the bricks in every course of those bonds are set as headers on the partitions’ faces.

In comparison with the stretcher bond that is used for the wall constructions with half brick thickness, the header bond is used for wall constructions with full brick thickness—which generally measures 18 cm. 

Since header bonds lack energy when it comes to stress transmission and wall size, it isn’t ideally suited to make use of this bond for load-bearing partitions. This bond kind is finest utilized in brickwork foundations and in design building that requires curved surfaces. 


Flemish Bond

A Flemish bond or Dutch bond is a brick wall sample consisting of alternate headers and stretchers in every course. The succeeding brick course is laid able the place the header sprawls in the midst of the stretcher, beneath the course.

Every alternate Flemish bond course begins with a header on the nook, having a minimal of 1 full brick thickness. The one draw back of utilizing this bond is that it is tough and requires nice talent to execute it correctly. 


All mortar joints on this bond are required to be aligned vertically for the perfect results. Thus, because of this, such a bond is generally executed by expert staff for its problem degree.

These bonds have {better} bodily high quality than English bonds however are weaker. Thus, the Flemish bonds aren’t ideally suited to make use of in load-bearing wall building however are finest used for {a better} aesthetic view.

So, in case your brick wall mission requires to be plastered, it is best to make use of the English bond. Alternatively, if what you want is pointing for brick masonry, it is ideally suited to utilise the Flemish bond.


Classification of Flemish Bonds

In contrast to different bonds, the flemish bonds are categorized into two:

  • The Single Flemish Bond
  • The Double Flemish Bond


The single Flemish bond is the kind of building that exposes the entrance wall floor with the Flemish bond and the again wall floor with the English bond. In different phrases, the Flemish bond kind is a mix of each the Flemish bond and the English bond.

Moreover, the minimal thickness wanted for the Single Flemish bond is 1 1/2 brick thickness. This bond kind is generally used to present a significantly better aesthetic look to the entrance floor with the very important energy within the brickwork utilizing the English bond.

Alternatively, the double Flemish bond provides the identical aesthetic look from entrance to again however is relatively weaker than the English bond. Every course has alternately laid headers and stretchers.  


Different Forms of Bonds in Brick Masonry

Aside from the 4 generally used Forms of Bonds in Brick Masonry talked about above, the next bonds are additionally used within the brick masonry:


English cross bond

Such a bond is the English bond modification whereby the stretcher programs break joints amongst each other.


Going through bond

The going through bond is utilised in circumstances when face work bricks are costlier than different bricks. Thus, the depend of face bricks is conserved through the use of extra stretchers than common.

As well as, this bond can also be used when the face and again bricks have completely different measurements. Furthermore, there are a selection of programs which might be adopted by the programs of headers.


Raking bond

Within the raking bond, the bricks are positioned at some inclination to the wall’s face. Partitions with greater than two-brick thickness can be weaker within the longitudinal energy as a result of the header is getting used within the wall inside as a method to improve the transverse energy. To resolve the problem, a raking bond can be utilized.

On this bond, there are two varieties—the Diagonal bond and the Herring-bone bond.


Dutch bond

The Dutch bond is an English bond modification, consisting of alternate programs of stretchers and headers. Nonetheless, there’s an exception—each stretcher course start with a three-quarter brick.

As well as, each alternate header’s stretcher course is put after the three-quarter brick.


Brick on edge bond

The brick on edge bond makes use of stretcher bricks, not on the mattress however on the perimeters. This is the reason it is principally used for compound partitions, gardens and extra. 

The energy degree of this bond is weak, which is cheap for its low-cost worth.


Backyard wall bond

In such a bond, there are two classifications—the Flemish Backyard Bond and the English Backyard Bond. Within the Flemish Backyard Bond, every course makes use of one header after each three to 4 stretchers.

Alternatively, the English Backyard Bond, one header’s course, is used after each three to 4 stretchers’ programs.


Zigzag bond

The zigzag bond is similar to the herring-bone bond, besides the bricks are organised in a zigzag method. This bond kind is often utilized in creating decorative panels in brick flooring.


Xploited Media
Author: Xploited Media

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