Masonry Restorations: Tools, Definition, Different Types

Masonry Restoration

Masonry Restorations: Tools, Definition, Different Types

Masonry restoration is a form of complex masonry restoration work, either in a residential or commercial setting. 

This is often done to old buildings, aiming to replace the old building’s exterior with new materials, matching the original look of the old building but fresher. Masonry restorations not only repair or restore the wear down, but they also preserve the particular style or appearance of a building.

But, before going in-depth in masonry restorations, let’s dissect first what masonry is and how can we do masonry restoration. Masonry is a type of construction work involving complex processes, in addition to its basics and related auxiliary methods.


To go in-depth about this and more, kindly proceed below.


Masonry in Nutshell


Since masonry is a whole complicated process, let’s start first with the basics. The basic operations involving masonry include:

  • Delivery.
  • Setting out the bricks.
  • Smoothening the mortar.
  • Laying bricks or other stones in mortar. 


Meanwhile, masonry’s related auxiliary processes entail:

  • Material preparation
  •  Trestles
  • Raising of scaffolding and more


Basically, masonry works involve building structures by laying masonry units like the following:

  • concrete blocks
  • bricks
  • stones


It also covers placing and finishing concrete, building and restoring walls and other structures with brick, concrete blocks, terra cotta or other masonry materials, and stonemasonry. Before starting masonry work, make sure that all materials are nearby to save time.

It’s also crucial to proper and high-quality building materials to guarantee the durability of the structure. This will reduce the risks and environmental costs in case of premature failure of building elements.

Now that we’re done tackling masonry definition, it’s now time to dive into masonry restorations.


What is Masonry Restoration and its Different Types?


As briefly discussed above, masonry restoration replaces the structure’s masonry exterior with new materials without changing its original look. Although this involves complicated processes, its main aim is to restore the beauty and aesthetics lost in a building.

It can involve tuckpointing, repointing, parging, chemical cleaning, and more. In simple terms, masonry restoration can be likened to a cosmetic job, but for a wall. 

Although this job can be suitable for amateurs to some degree, masonry restoration is a job best bequeathed to seasoned professionals for the best possible restoration result.

Furthermore, there are different types of masonry restoration, depending on the needs of your house or building, which you can find below.


Different Types of Masonry Restoration


As explained above, masonry restoration proposes different types of assistance based on your masonry construction needs. Thus, it would be best to consult a masonry expert to know what masonry process best fits your needs.


So, without much further ado, here are the different types of masonry restoration:




Tuckpointing is a method of using two different colours of mortar in the mortar joints of brickwork. The one colour matches the bricks, giving an artificial impression of excellent joints creation.

This method was developed in England in the late eighteenth century. This is used to imitate the constructed brickwork using rubbed bricks, which helps prevent water from entering the chimney system.

If the mortar joints aren’t fixed, the water can flow down the chimney, causing a severe measure of hidden damage like rotting wood. This is why tuckpointing is a vital part of masonry restoration.


Next on the list, repointing.




Repointing is the process of removing and replacing the mortar from the surface of a masonry joint. This helps in the impending deterioration of your wall and protect your wall from harsh weather conditions.

This process is necessary as weathering and decay can happen over time, causing voids in the joints between your masonry units (e.g., bricks). This allows unwanted entrance of water that can generate significant damage through frost weathering and others.

 The repointing process involves the following:

  • Examining the structure
  • Establishing materials
  • Test panels


Meanwhile, the process of its construction comprises the following:

  • Removal of old mortar
  • Filling in new mortar


Our next stop on masonry restoration type is the replacement and resettling.


Replacement and Resettling


Replacement and resettling refer to a restoration type done by dealing with depreciated brick, stone and block. This involves replacing old, damaged units with new ones or resettling the old ones with a new mortar.

Once there’s damage to your brick wall structure, replacing it could be the best option you might want to consider taking. This is because the structural stability of your building will be likely in jeopardy.

Thus, replacing your damaged or worn-out brick could be a much better option.


Moving on, let’s talk about parging.




Parging refers to the application process of cement coating applied over the wall’s surface. This is mainly used for the foundation or exterior wall.

The most typical process of parging is over a masonry chimney or masonry foundation wall. Parging cement has various varieties in terms of the components used in the specific concrete mixture used. 

Such components include fibre materials and latex-based colours. These elements add strength or different mix ratios to the concrete. 

However, it will still depend on the purpose of your application. This type of work usually falls into the field of mason’s craft. Thus, if you ever need parging, it’s best to call a professional.

So, these are some of the masonry restoration types that you might need for your place. Now that we’re done with the masonry restoration types, it’s now to move on to masonry restoration tools.


Masonry Restoration Tools


Although the professionals best do masonry restoration, you can always opt for the DIY route. After all, it’s your structure, and there are several Do-It-Yourself guides that you can use for this job.

However, if you want solid and secure work done, having a masonry expert for the job is always ideal. So, if you’re going to do this project yourself, you need to prepare the following masonry tools:

  • Hammer and Chisel
  • Grinder and Blades
  • Trowel and Jointers
  • Brushes and Sponges
  • Mortar
  • Levels


NOTE: Ensure that you have the necessary masonry skills to execute this job to avoid significant structural problems in the future.


Xploited Media
Author: Xploited Media

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