11 Oct Difference Between Brick Masonry and Stone Masonry
Brick masonry and stone masonry are two general types of masonry and are considered the art of construction.
So, what is the difference between brick masonry and stone masonry? Brick masonry and stone masonries differ in size, weight, dressing, laying, difficulty, and of course, in cost. Furthermore, brick masonry has a better fire resistance than stone masonry.
However, stone masonry is much sturdier than brick masonry, but its cost is also higher than brickwork. To understand their differences further, we’ve defined the two separately for you.
What is Brick Masonry?
Brick masonry is a systematic placement of brick items bonded together with mortar. Its strength relies upon the high-quality mortar, brick and the manner of the brickwork bonding instrument.
Moreover, bricks are uniform in size and shape. Thus they can be laid in any particular style. They’re also easy to handle as they are lightweight and small in size.
That being said, the art of bricklaying is much easier than stone masonry construction. In addition, you can also do ornamental work with bricks.
So what are the primary materials used in brick masonry work? They’re brick and mortar.
Materials used in Brick Masonry
A brick is a block usually made from clay and used in various brick masonry projects. Traditionally, brick is only a small unit of building material primarily made of clay.
The mineral content of the clay typically determines the colour of the brick. This means clays rich with iron oxide naturally turn reddish, while those containing a lot of lime turn either white or yellow.
However, today, brick has expanded and has joined with other units using mortar. Although clay is still the primary material of bricks, there are added common materials like the following:
- sand lime bricks
- concrete bricks
Sand Lime Bricks
Sand lime bricks or calcium silicate bricks are ideal for various masonry works and construction purposes.
This type of brick is made of sand, lime and flying ash bonded using a thorough and detailed chemical process. This process creates highly durable bricks that can bear significant weight without cracking or getting damaged.
The sand-lime bricks are also resistant to water, wind and heat, making them one of the most favourable options to every homeowner and business owner.
These types of bricks are the best substitute for burnt clay bricks. They’re made from sand, cement, coarse aggregates and water. Several construction crews have pointed out that concrete bricks are much easier to manufacture than others.
These bricks can also undergo pigmentation during production to achieve the perfect colour. Moreover, it furnishes excellent colour and provides them with superior strength because of the concrete.
This type also blocks heat, noise and resists water, making it one of the best brick options out there.
In addition to sand lime bricks and concrete bricks, flying ash bricks, engineering bricks, and sand dried bricks are among the types of bricks you can choose from.
What is Stone Masonry?
Stone masonry is a type of masonry construction work that builds structures using stone as the primary material. This construction method is best for stones foundations, arches, retaining walls, and more.
All stones involved in this masonry construction art are natural rocks. These rocks are cut and dressed to use in construction masonry. Using stone for any masonry work is one of the most reliable options you have.
So, what are the materials used in masonry? They’re stones and mortar.
Materials Used in Stone Masonry
The stones utilised in stone masonry aren’t just your regular stones. The selection is thorough to get only those hard, tough and free from cavities, cracks or sand holes stones to ensure the solidity of any construction project.
The common stones used in stone masonry are:
Mortar is the binding material for stone masonry construction. To have your mortar mix, you can use cement or lime with sand and water—mix these ingredients, and you’ll have your mortar.
Stone Masonry Classification
There are two main classifications in stone masonry, and these are:
- Rubble Masonry
- Ashlar Masonry
This type of stone masonry doesn’t have a uniform thickness—either roughly dressed or undressed. This type of masonry gets its strength from the proper filling of mortar between stone spaces and joints.
Furthermore, the quality of mortar used and the use of long through stones contribute to the strength of rubble masonry. In addition, rubble masonry is classified into the following:
- Coursed Rubble Masonry
- Uncoursed Rubble Masonry
- Dry Rubble Masonry
- Polygonal Masonry
Contrary to the rubble masonry, the Ashlar masonry uses appropriately dressed stones having uniform and fine joints. The thickness of the ashlar masonry joints are about 3mm and arranged in various patterns.
The size of the stone blocks must be proportionate to the thickness of the walls. Furthermore, the Ashlar Masonry has several types, and these are the following:
- Chamfered Masonry
- Fine Masonry
- Block in Course
- Rough Tooled Masonry
- Rock or Quarry Faced Masonry
Brick masonry and stone masonry are two different arts of masonry construction. They differ, but they have the same goal—to provide a reliable, striking structure that anyone would love and feel secure.