02 Nov The Castle of the Teutonic Order: Malbork Castle
What Is The Castle of the Teutonic Order
Located in Malbork, Poland, the Castle of the Teutonic Order is a world heritage site, a beacon of history that shines through time. This castle is one of the greatest, most iconic brick castles in the world. The castle is massive, built with red bricks by the
Teutonic Knights during the 13th century. The castle was declared a world heritage site in 1997 by UNESCO for its historical value and significance to Poland.
How Big Is The Castle of the Teutonic Order?
Covering 21 hectares, the castle has three sections: High Castle, Middle Castle, and Low Castle. Each section is encompassed by a defensive moat and wall.
How Many Bricks Were Used To Construct The Castle of the Teutonic Order?
With no official record being taken during construction, an estimate of 7 – 30 million bricks were made and used in construction to create the castle.
Was The Castle of the Teutonic Order Restored?
Once the Teutonic Order left the castle, it was initially received with bad taste by the Polish and was nearly left in ruin. The castle had nearly been destroyed during World War II. Sometime during the 19th century, artists from Berlin experienced the castle and decided to preserve it. These artists used detailed plans created by conservators to help restore the castle, and now the castle looks like it did centuries ago. A museum was then established and the castle became open to the public soon after 1961.
Who Were The Teutonic Order?
The Teutonic Order was a religious, military order of monks from the German House of Saint Mary. They were an all-male Catholic order, founded in 1192 in the Kingdom of Jerusalem. This order was at its height when stationed at the castle in Malbork. These monks took vows that bound them to a life of asceticism and poverty, yet in the castle, they experienced fortune and wealth.
The castle was their headquarters for 150 years and came under the rule of the Polish army in 1457. Over the following centuries, the castle was occupied by many different nations, including the Swiss and Napoleonic regimes. During the 19th Century, the government of Poland acquired the castle, and has been under their protection ever since.
Today, the Teutonics are based in Vienna, Austria, where they participate in charity work and are no longer an all-male society.
Being one of the most beautiful castles in the world, this monumental brick structure is a must-see.