05 Feb 6 Types of Bricks You Should Know
There are different types of bricks used for different types of projects. All bricks are used for a similar purpose and they all carry similar properties, such as durability and low cost of production. The use of each type of brick will depend on the material it’s made from.
When choosing a specific type of brick, you need to understand the qualities of the brick type to ensure you don’t buy the wrong brick for your project.
Sundried Clay Bricks
These bricks are prepared and produced using a simple 3 step process and are weaker than most bricks.
The bricks are molded and are left out in the sunlight to dry. They are mainly used in temporary structures and shouldn’t be used in permanent structures.
Burnt Clay Bricks
Burnt clay bricks can be some of the best quality bricks, but also some of the worst.
Burnt clay bricks are classified into first, second, third and, fourth class bricks.
First-class bricks are the best quality, whereas fourth class bricks are the worst quality for this brick type.
Read more about brick classes here.
Fly Ash Bricks
These bricks are made with fly ash and water and have incredible resistance to freeze-thaw cycles.
Fly ash bricks have a high calcium oxide content, similarly found in the production of cement.
These bricks are lightweight and strong. They have incredible insulation properties, come out in uniform sizes, and are more resistant to water penetration.
These bricks are made with cement, sand, a collection of course materials, and water.
Concrete bricks are made at a construction site, which means it is very easy to access. The amount of mortar required to work with these bricks is lower than that of clay bricks. The pigment inside the bricks – which gives it color – can be changed during production.
Concrete bricks are used in fences, framed buildings and provide excellent aesthetic detail.
Engineering bricks are an incredibly high strength profile and are used in projects that require strength as well as frost, water, and acid resistance.
A common place to find engineering bricks is in a basement.
Lime Stone Bricks
Lime Stone bricks are made from sand, lime, water, and pigments. They have a high sand content, containing up to 90% sand.
These bricks have great fire and water resistance which makes them appropriate for construction in clay soils. They are also relatively cheaper to produce, too.